Китайский язык: Перезагрузка (Неделя 2)

Китайский язык. Учить китайский язык в  Китае. Это вам не алфавит китайского языка

Закончилась вторая неделя эксперимента «Китайский язык: Перезагрузка».

Пришло время подводить маленькие итоги.

Вместе со второй неделей, закончился и список иероглифов из HSK 1.

В общей сложности за две недели (неделя 1) было выучено (повторено) — 178 китайских иероглифов.

За эту неделю я осилил 96 иероглифов, так как из-за 4 иероглифов, для полной сотни, не хотелось начинать список HSK 2.

Из проблем, возникающих в процессе изучения китайских иероглифов, можно отметить пока только тона иероглифов, которые довольно быстро выветриваются из головы.

Таблица выученных китайских иероглифов из HSK 1, выученных мной за эту неделю:

Китайский иероглиф Пиньинь Перевод на английский
guǒ fruit / result / resolute / indeed / if really
lǎo prefix used before the surname of a person or a numeral indicating the order of birth of the children in a family or to indicate affection or familiarity / old (of people) / venerable (person) / experienced / of long standing / always / all the time / of the past / very / outdated / (of meat etc) tough
èr two / 2 / stupid (Beijing dialect)
yuàn courtyard / institution / CL:個|个[gè]
female / woman / daughter
archaic variant of 汝[rǔ]
she
rèn to recognize / to know / to admit
to beat / to strike / to hit / to break / to type / to mix up / to build / to fight / to fetch / to make / to tie up / to issue / to shoot / to calculate / to play (a game) / since / from
dozen
zuò to do / to make / to produce / to write / to compose / to act as / to engage in / to hold (a party) / to be / to become / to function (in some capacity) / to serve as / to be used for / to form (a bond or relationship) / to pretend / to feign / to act a part / to put on appearance
xiān early / prior / former / in advance / first
shǎo few / to lack / to be missing / to stop (doing sth) / seldom
shào young
huí to circle / to go back / to turn around / to answer / to return / to revolve / Hui ethnic group (Chinese Muslims) / time / classifier for acts of a play / section or chapter (of a classic book) / to curve / to return / to revolve
system / department / faculty / to connect / to relate to / to tie up / to bind / to be (literary) / to connect / to arrest / to worry
to tie / to fasten / to button up
four / 4
gas / air / smell / weather / to make angry / to annoy / to get angry / vital energy / qi
shí ten / 10
clothes / dress / garment / to serve / to obey / to convince / to acclimatize / to take (medicine) / mourning clothes / to wear mourning clothes
dose (measure word for medicine)
zài again / once more / re- / second / another / then (after sth, and not until then)
ér son
r non-syllabic diminutive suffix / retroflex final
zhù to live / to dwell / to stay / to reside / to stop / (suffix indicating firmness, steadiness, or coming to a halt)
shén what
shí ten (used in fractions, writing checks etc) / assorted / miscellaneous
shū book / letter / document / CL:本[běn],冊|册[cè],部[bù] / to write
Shū abbr. for 書經|书经[Shū jīng]
rice / CL:粒[lì] / meter (classifier)
surname Mi
shī teacher / master / expert / model / army division / (old) troops / to dispatch troops
Shī surname Shi
five / 5
jiàn to see / to meet / to appear (to be sth) / to interview
xiàn to appear
customer / visitor / guest
to warm up / to heat up / hot (of weather) / heat / fervent
mǎi to buy / to purchase
medical / medicine / doctor / to cure / to treat
ài to love / affection / to be fond of / to like
tài highest / greatest / too (much) / very / extremely
xiào school / military officer / CL:所[suǒ]
jiào to proofread / to check / to compare
zuó yesterday
zhàn station / to stand / to halt / to stop / branch of a company or organization / website
jué to feel / to find that / thinking / awake / aware
jiào a nap / a sleep / CL:場|场[cháng]
hòu to wait / to inquire after / to watch / season / climate / (old) period of five days
fēi to fly
qián coin / money / CL:筆|笔[bǐ] / unit of weight, one tenth of a tael 兩|两[liǎng]
Qián surname Qian
letter / symbol / character / word / CL:個|个[gè] / courtesy or style name traditionally given to males aged 20 in dynastic China
suì classifier for years (of age) / year / year (of crop harvests) / variant of 歲|岁[suì], year / years old
yǒu friend
qǐng to ask / to invite / please (do sth) / to treat (to a meal etc) / to request
shí to know / knowledge / Taiwan pr. [shì]
zhì to record / to write a footnote
huǒ fire / urgent / ammunition / fiery or flaming / internal heat (Chinese medicine) / hot (popular) / classifier for military units (old)
Huǒ surname Huo
tīng to listen / to hear / to obey / a can (loanword from English «tin») / classifier for canned beverages
tìng (literary pronunciation, still advocated in Taiwan) to rule / to sentence / to allow
xīng to rise / to flourish / to become popular / to start / to encourage / to get up / (often used in the negative) to permit or allow (dialect) / maybe (dialect)
Xīng surname Xing
xìng feeling or desire to do sth / interest in sth / excitement
surname Xi
to practice / to study / habit
to tell to
dialect / language / speech
nǎo brain / mind / head / essence
liù six / 6
diàn inn / shop / store / CL:家[jiā]
7th earthly branch: 11 a.m.-1 p.m., noon, 5th solar month (6th June-6th July), year of the Horse
xiě to write
to be fond of / to like / to enjoy / to be happy / to feel pleased / happiness / delight / glad
to read / to study / reading of word (i.e. pronunciation), similar to 拼音[pīn yīn]
dòu comma / phrase marked by pause
guǎn building / shop / term for certain service establishments / embassy or consulate / schoolroom (old) / CL:家[jiā] / variant of 館|馆[guǎn]
huān joyous / happy / pleased
zěn how
chī to eat / to consume / to eat at (a cafeteria etc) / to eradicate / to destroy / to absorb / to suffer / variant of 吃[chī]
stammer
bēi cup / classifier for certain containers of liquids: glass, cup / variant of 杯[bēi]
zhōng handleless cup / goblet / to concentrate / variant of 鐘|钟[zhōng] / clock / o’clock / time as measured in hours and minutes / bell / CL:架[jià],座[zuò]
Zhōng surname Zhong
eight / 8
ne particle indicating that a previously asked question is to be applied to the preceding word («What about …?», «And …?») / particle for inquiring about location («Where is …?») / particle signaling a pause, to emphasize the preceding words and allow the listener time to take them on board («ok?», «are you with me?») / (at the end of a declarative sentence) particle indicating continuation of a state or action / particle indicating strong affirmation
this (Cantonese) / see also 哩[lī]
woolen material
to hire / to rent / to charter / to rent out / to lease out / rent / land tax
kuài lump (of earth) / chunk / piece / classifier for pieces of cloth, cake, soap etc / colloquial word for yuan (or other unit of currency such as Hong Kong or US dollar etc), usually as 塊錢|块钱
shéi who / also pr. [shuí]
ma (question tag)
see 嗎啡|吗啡, morphine
jiào to shout / to call / to order / to ask / to be called / by (indicates agent in the passive mood)
liàng bright / clear / resonant / to shine / to show / to reveal
na (particle equivalent to 啊 after noun ending in -n)
how / which
něi which? (interrogative, followed by classifier or numeral-classifier)
péng friend
ma / mom / mother
zuò to sit / to take a seat / to take (a bus, airplane etc) / to bear fruit / variant of 座[zuò]
Zuò surname Zuo
hàn man
Hàn Han ethnic group / Chinese (language) / the Han dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)
fàn food / cuisine / cooked rice / meal / CL:碗[wǎn],頓|顿[dùn]
clothes / CL:件[jiàn]
to dress / to wear / to put on (clothes)
rain / CL:陣|阵[zhèn],場|场[cháng]
to rain / (of rain, snow etc) to fall / to precipitate / to wet
jiǔ nine / 9
lěng cold
Lěng surname Leng
seven / 7
jiě older sister
xiè to thank / to apologize / to wither (of flowers, leaves etc) / to decline
Xiè surname Xie
cài dish (type of food) / vegetables / vegetable / cuisine / CL:盤|盘[pán],道[dào]
líng zero / nought / zero sign / fractional / fragmentary / odd (of numbers) / (placed between two numbers to indicate a smaller quantity followed by a larger one) / fraction / (in mathematics) remainder (after division) / extra / to wither and fall / to wither
father / dad / pa / papa
shuì to sleep / to lie down
to drink / My goodness!
to shout loudly
chá tea / tea plant / CL:杯[bēi],壺|壶[hú]
māo cat / CL:隻|只[zhī]
zhuō table
gǒu dog / CL:隻|只[zhī],條|条[tiáo]
piāo to float / to drift
piào elegant / polished
piǎo to bleach
chair
wèi hey / to feed (an animal, baby, invalid etc) / to feed
wéi hello (when answering the phone)
píng apple / (artemisia) / duckweed
pín marsiliaceae / clover fern
how much / how many / several / a few
almost / small table
hòu back / behind / rear / afterwards / after / later / empress / queen
Hòu surname Hou

Со следующей недели начинаю учить список китайских иероглифов из HSK 2.

加油!

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